Are you a fan of sweet, juicy mangoes? Do you live in a region where these tropical delights can flourish? Look no further than this complete guide to growing your own mango tree! From selecting the right soil to harvesting your first crop, we’ve got you covered. So roll up your sleeves, grab your gardening gloves, and let’s get started on this delicious journey.
Benefits of Growing Your Own Mangoes (in certain regions)
- Fresh and flavorful fruit without added chemicals or preservatives
- Cost-effective compared to buying mangoes from the store
- Control over the growing process, including soil quality and pest management
- Satisfaction of growing and harvesting your own fruit
- Potential for sharing with friends and family
General Information About Mangoes (in certain regions)Plant Family: Anacardiaceae (the cashew family)
Plant Latin Name: Mangifera indica
Plant Variations AvailableMangoes are a tropical fruit that are enjoyed by many around the world. However, it may come as a surprise to some that there are many variations of mangoes depending on the region.
In Southeast Asia, the most popular type of mango is the Manila mango, which is also known as the Ataulfo or Honey mango. It has a small pit and a smooth texture with a sweet, creamy flesh. In India, the Alphonso mango is highly prized for its juicy, fragrant, and flavorful flesh. It is often considered the king of mangoes and is sought after by mango lovers all over the world.
Moving to the Caribbean, the most common mango is the Tommy Atkins, which is a large, juicy mango that is known for its bright red skin and yellow-orange flesh. In Central America and Mexico, the most popular mango is the Kent, which has a deep green skin and a sweet, juicy flesh that is perfect for eating or juicing.
Finally, in South America, the most popular mango is the Keitt. It is a large, juicy mango with a slightly sour taste and green-yellow skin. It is often used in desserts and drinks due to its unique flavor profile.
In conclusion, while all mangoes share similar characteristics, each region has their variation of this delicious tropical fruit. Whether you prefer a sweet, creamy Manila mango or a juicy and flavorful Alphonso mango, there is a mango for everyone to enjoy.
Germinating Mangoes (in certain regions)
Preferred ZonesIf you’re looking to grow mangoes outdoors, you’ll want to make sure you’re in a suitable climate. Mangoes thrive in warm, tropical areas with plenty of sunshine and rainfall.
Some of the best zones for outdoor mango growing in the United States include parts of Florida, Hawaii, and Southern California. In Florida, the southernmost region (especially the Florida Keys) is ideal for mango cultivation due to the consistently warm temperatures and high humidity.
In Hawaii, mangoes grow particularly well on the Big Island and Maui, where the climate is warm and humid.
Southern California also has suitable conditions for growing mangoes, particularly in areas such as San Diego and Los Angeles where the climate is Mediterranean-like with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters.
It’s important to note that mango trees require well-draining soil and plenty of space to grow, so make sure you have adequate room in your outdoor space before planting. And if you’re not in one of these areas or if you don’t have the ideal outdoor space for mango growing, consider container gardening to bring the tropical taste of mangoes to your own backyard.
Sowing InstructionsSowing mangoes can be a joyous and rewarding task, but it requires a bit of groundwork to achieve the best results. Here are some surefire methods and procedures to help you get started:
1. Choose the right seeds: Select mango-seeds from healthy and mature fruits of the variety you wish to harvest. Make sure that there is no damage or insect infestation in the seeds, as it can affect their growth and quality.
2. Prepare the soil: Mangoes prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. If possible, add some compost, manure, or other organic material to your soil to make it more fertile. Mangoes also love acidic soil, so you might need to test your soil pH and adjust it accordingly.
3. Soak the seeds: Soak the mango seeds overnight in a bowl of water to help them germinate more quickly. Make sure the water is lukewarm, as too cold or too hot water can damage the seeds.
4. Sow the seeds: Fill a large pot with prepared soil and put the soaked seeds in it. Cover them with soil, leaving a small portion of the seeds above the surface. Water the pot thoroughly but carefully, so the seeds do not float out. You can also sow the seeds directly in the ground, but make sure the soil and climate are conducive to mango growth.
5. Provide proper care: Mangoes require lots of sunlight, regular watering, and moderate temperatures to thrive. Make sure your pot or ground location receives 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Water the soil whenever it feels dry, but avoid overwatering as it can lead to root rot. Also, protect the growing mangoes from strong winds, pests, and diseases.
6. Wait patiently: Mango seedlings take time to grow, and it may take several years before they bear fruit. So, be patient, keep providing proper care, and watch your mangoes grow and flourish.
In conclusion, sowing mangoes require some initial effort and patience, but the rewards are sweet and satisfying. Follow these methods and procedures, and soon you’ll have a bounty of juicy, delicious mangoes to enjoy.
Preparation AdviceGrowing mango trees can be incredibly rewarding, not to mention delicious! While mango trees can thrive in certain regions with the right climate, soil, and sunlight, there are some other factors to consider in order to maximize your chances of success.
The first thing to keep in mind is that mango trees are tropical and require warm temperatures to grow. You’ll want to make sure to choose a location that gets plenty of sunlight and has well-drained soil. If you live in a cooler climate, you may need to consider investing in a greenhouse to provide the necessary warmth for your mango tree to thrive.
Once you have your location sorted out, it’s time to think about equipment. Depending on the size of your mango tree, you may need to invest in fertilizers, pruning shears, and other tools to help it grow. Make sure to research the specific needs of your mango tree variety to determine what equipment is necessary.
One useful tool is a soil moisture meter, which will help you keep the soil at the right moisture level. Watering correctly is another key factor in successfully growing mango trees. While they require ample water, too much moisture can cause root rot, so be sure to water only when necessary and allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings.
If you’re growing mango trees from seed, keep in mind that they can take up to several years to produce fruit. Grafting can speed up the process, but requires more advanced skills and equipment. Alternatively, you can also purchase a mature mango tree from a reputable nursery or supplier.
In summary, to prepare for growing mango trees, you’ll need to choose a warm, sunny location with well-drained soil, invest in the proper equipment such as fertilizers and pruning shears, monitor soil moisture and water properly, and research the specific needs of your mango tree variety. With patience and care, you’ll be enjoying sweet, juicy mangoes in no time!
Germination Tools and EquipmentIf you are looking to germinate healthy mangoes, there are a few key tools and equipment that you will need to get started.
First and foremost, you will need high-quality mango seeds. Select fresh, ripe mangoes from a reputable source and carefully extract the seeds. It is important to choose seeds that are plump, evenly shaped, and free from any signs of damage or disease.
Once you have your seeds, you will need to prepare them for planting. To do this, soak the seeds in warm water for up to 24 hours. This will help to remove any remaining fruit residue and encourage germination.
Next, you will need a suitable planting container. Ideally, you should choose a container that is deep enough to accommodate the seed with at least 1 inch of soil on top. A plastic or ceramic pot with good drainage holes will work best.
You will also need high-quality potting soil. Look for soil that is specifically formulated for seed starting, and make sure it is well-draining and free from any impurities or contaminants.
To ensure that your mango seeds have the best chance of germinating, you may also want to invest in a seedling heat mat. This will help to maintain a consistent temperature and ensure that your seeds stay warm and cozy.
Finally, you will need to provide your mango seeds with plenty of light and moisture. A sunny windowsill or grow light will work well for providing light, while misting the soil regularly can help to keep it moist without overwatering.
With these tools and equipment, you should have everything you need to successfully germinate healthy mangoes and enjoy a bountiful harvest.
Growing Mangoes (in certain regions)
Light RequirementsMangoes are tropical fruits that require a lot of light to grow healthy and successfully. If you are lucky enough to live in an area where they can thrive, it is crucial to provide them with the appropriate lighting conditions.
When it comes to growing mangoes, they need at least six hours of sunlight each day. This provides them with the energy they require to produce delicious, sweet fruit. If you do not receive enough sunlight in your area, you can opt to use artificial lighting, such as grow lights, to supplement their needs.
It is important to keep in mind that aside from the quantity of light, the quality of light also matters when growing mangoes. The light should have a spectrum that is similar to the sun, including UV and blue-light emissions. These types of light are crucial in stimulating growth, plant establishment, and the development of flowers and fruit.
When it comes to positioning the mango plant, it should be placed in an area where it can receive direct, unfiltered sunlight. This can be achieved by placing it near a south-facing window or using artificial lighting that can mimic sunlight.
In conclusion, providing your mango trees with the proper lighting is a vital aspect of growing them successfully. Ensuring they have enough sunlight or using artificial lighting with a similar spectrum can help them grow healthy, produce plenty of fruit, and leave you with a bountiful harvest.
Temperature RequirementsGreetings! If you’re interested in growing mangoes in certain regions, then temperature is key. Mango trees are tropical plants and require warm temperatures to thrive. Generally, a temperature range from 25-30°C (77-86°F) is optimal for healthy growth and fruit production.
During the growing season, mango trees need consistently high temperatures, ideally above 21°C (70°F) during the day and above 15°C (59°F) during the night. Temperatures below these minimums can result in slowed growth, weakened trees, and loss of fruit production.
However, it’s important to note that mangoes are diverse and can adapt to different temperature ranges. Some mango varieties can survive temperatures as low as 5°C (41°F) during the dormant season, while others require higher constant temperatures during the growing season.
In colder regions, mango trees can be grown in greenhouses or under cover to maintain warmth and humidity. Additionally, planting mango trees in protected areas such as against walls or in raised beds can provide extra warmth and shelter.
With the right temperature conditions, mango trees can produce a bountiful harvest of juicy, delicious fruit. So, if you’re planning to grow mangoes in certain regions, make sure to provide them with a warm and nurturing environment for optimal growth!
My Favorite Tools For Growing Mangoes (in certain regions)When it comes to caring for and maintaining healthy mango trees, having the right tools and equipment is essential. Here are some of the best tools to help you keep your mangoes in top shape.
1. Pruning Shears: A good pair of pruning shears is a must-have for mango tree care. Pruning branches and leaves is essential to maintaining fruit production and a healthy tree structure.
2. Fertilizer: Mango trees require specific nutrients to grow and produce fruit. Fertilizer can aid in providing these nutrients and keeping the tree healthy.
3. Watering Can or Hose: Mango trees need consistent watering, especially during the dry season. Having a watering can or hose on hand will help ensure your tree gets the right amount of water.
4. Pesticides and Insecticides: Pests and insects can damage and even kill mango trees. Having the right pesticides and insecticides will help protect your tree from harm.
5. Gardening Gloves: Working with mango trees can be prickly and messy, so having a good pair of gardening gloves will help keep your hands clean and protected.
6. Ladder: Mango trees can grow quite tall, so having a sturdy ladder will help you access the fruit for harvesting and pruning.
Remember, the tools and equipment you need for mango tree care may vary depending on your location and the specific care requirements for the type of mango you are growing. Consult with an expert in your area for personalized recommendations and advice.
Preferred Soil TypeWhen it comes to growing juicy and healthy mangoes, the type of soil you choose plays a major role. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting out, these soil requirements for mangoes are worth keeping in mind:
1. Well-draining soil: Mango trees do not like waterlogged soil. They thrive in well-draining soils that allow excess water to drain away quickly. If the soil in your area is heavy and clayey, consider adding sand or grit to improve drainage.
2. Slightly acidic soil: Mango trees prefer slightly acidic to neutral soils with a pH level between 6.0 to 7.5. You can test the soil’s pH level using a soil testing kit available in most hardware stores. If the soil is too alkaline, consider adding sulfur to make it slightly acidic.
3. Nutrient-rich soil: Mango trees require a steady supply of nutrients to produce healthy fruit. They particularly need potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus for optimal growth. Consider adding aged manure, compost, or a balanced NPK fertilizer to boost soil fertility.
4. Soil with good sunlight exposure: Mango trees require plenty of sunlight to produce sweet, juicy fruit. Choose a location that receives at least eight hours of direct sunlight each day. Avoid planting mango trees in areas that are shaded by tall trees or buildings.
5. Soil with good air circulation: Mango trees benefit from good air circulation, which helps prevent fungal diseases and promotes healthy growth. Avoid planting mango trees in areas that are prone to gusty winds or stagnant air.
By choosing the right type of soil, you can ensure that your mango trees grow healthy and produce delicious fruit. Happy planting!
Watering RequirementsMangoes are a delicious and nutritious fruit that can be grown in certain regions. One of the key factors in successfully growing healthy mango trees is providing adequate water. Watering requirements will vary depending on the climate and soil conditions of the region.
In general, mango trees should be watered deeply once a week during the growing season. This means saturating the soil to a depth of 2-3 feet to ensure the tree’s roots have access to plenty of water. If there is no rainfall, the tree may require additional watering. However, it is important not to over-water mango trees, as this can lead to root rot and other issues.
To prevent over-watering, the soil should be allowed to partially dry out before watering again. A good way to check if the tree needs water is to stick your finger into the soil to a depth of about 2 inches. If the soil feels dry at that depth, it’s time to water.
It is also important to avoid watering the leaves and branches of the mango tree. Instead, water the soil directly around the base of the tree. This will help to prevent fungal growth and other issues that can arise from too much moisture on the tree’s foliage.
In addition to watering, it is important to ensure that mango trees are planted in well-draining soil to prevent waterlogging. Providing a layer of mulch around the base of the tree can also help to retain moisture in the soil.
By following these watering guidelines, you can help ensure that your mango tree grows healthy and produces delicious fruit.
What You Need To Know About Fertilizing Mangoes (in certain regions)If you’re looking to grow healthy mangoes in certain regions, it’s important to consider the fertilizing requirements for this fruit tree. Mango trees require regular fertilization to thrive, which is why it’s essential to provide them with the right nutrients in the right amounts.
When it comes to fertilizing mango trees, it’s important to keep a few things in mind. The first thing to consider is the age of the tree. Young mango trees, for instance, require less fertilizer than mature trees. Additionally, the type of soil you’re using and its nutrient content should also be taken into account.
In general, mango trees require a balanced fertilizer that includes nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Nitrogen is important for leaf growth, while phosphorus promotes flower and fruit production, and potassium helps the tree develop strong roots and fight disease.
You should aim to fertilize your mango tree approximately four to six times per year, ideally during the growing season. One common approach is to apply fertilizer twice a year, once in early spring and once in early summer. However, if your tree is showing signs of nutrient deficiency, you may need to apply fertilizer more frequently or in larger quantities.
When applying fertilizer, it’s important to spread it evenly around the tree, avoiding direct contact with the trunk. You can also use organic fertilizers or compost to provide a more natural source of nutrients. In addition, you can supplement your fertilization routine by adding micronutrients such as zinc, iron, and manganese to the soil.
Overall, by understanding the fertilizing requirements for mango trees, you can help ensure that your tree grows healthy and produces a bountiful harvest. So get out there, fertilize your mango trees, and enjoy the sweet fruits of your labor!
My Favorite Fertilizers For Mangoes (in certain regions)Mangoes are tropical fruits that require specific types of fertilizers to thrive, especially in certain regions. Here are some of the best fertilizers to use for healthy mangoes:
1. Organic Compost – Mango trees benefit greatly from organic matter. Applying compost to the soil surrounding the tree will enrich the soil with nutrients, help retain water, and improve soil structure.
2. Balanced N-P-K Fertilizers – Mango trees require a balanced ratio of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) fertilizers. These nutrients promote strong root growth, healthy foliage, and abundant fruit production. Look for a fertilizer blend that is high in potassium and low in nitrogen.
3. Micronutrient Fertilizers – In some regions, mango trees are often susceptible to micronutrient deficiencies, particularly in zinc and iron. Applying micronutrient fertilizers can help mitigate these deficiencies and improve the overall health of the tree.
4. Slow-Release Fertilizers – Traditional fertilizers release nutrients quickly, which can lead to over-fertilization and damage to the tree. Consider using slow-release fertilizers that gradually release nutrients over an extended period.
5. Organic Liquid Fertilizers – Organic liquid fertilizers are an excellent option for mango trees because they deliver nutrients quickly and effectively. They are also gentle on the tree and do not harm beneficial soil microbes.
When selecting fertilizers for your mango trees, it is essential to consider the specific needs of your region and soil conditions. It is also important to follow the manufacturer’s directions for application, as over-fertilization can lead to plant stress and reduced fruit quality. With the right fertilizers and proper care, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious, healthy mangoes.
Harvesting Mangoes (in certain regions)
Time To MaturityMangoes, in certain regions, take around five to six months to go from sprouting to maturity. The exact timing depends on various factors, including climate, soil conditions, and cultivar.
After planting, the mango tree takes around two to three weeks to sprout. At this stage, the tree is very delicate and requires the right care and attention to ensure that it grows strong and healthy. The first set of leaves, called the cotyledons, are the primary source of energy for the young plant, and it is essential to provide it with the right nutrients to help it establish a healthy root system.
Once the plant forms its first true leaves, it enters the vegetative growth phase, during which it develops branches, leaves, and stems. This phase can last several months, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions.
The final stage is the reproductive phase, during which the tree flowers and develops fruit. This phase typically lasts around four months, and it is when the fruit undergoes significant growth and development, transforming from small, green fruits to full-sized, ripe mangoes.
During this final growth stage, it is vital to ensure that the tree is adequately watered, fertilized, and protected from pests and diseases. Harvest time typically occurs between May and September, depending on the region and the specific cultivar.
Overall, growing mangoes can be a rewarding and exciting experience, but it requires patience, care, and attention to detail. With the right growing conditions, mangoes can reach maturity in a matter of months, and you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of ripe, juicy fruit.
Harvest InstructionsFresh and juicy mangoes to enjoy!
Harvesting mangoes requires patience and a keen eye for ripeness. It is important to wait until the mangoes are fully ripe before picking them, but not too ripe that they are mushy and unusable. Here are the steps to successfully harvest mangoes:
1. Determine the ripeness of the mangoes by checking the color and feel. A ripe mango will be mostly red, orange, or yellow and should give slightly when gently squeezed.
2. Choose a firm and sturdy ladder to reach the higher branches. Always be cautious when climbing and make sure the ladder is secure before climbing.
3. Use a sharp and sterile pruning shears to cut the mangoes from the tree. Cut the stem as close to the fruit as possible to avoid damaging the flesh.
4. Place the mangoes gently in a bucket or basket, being careful not to bruise them.
5. Once you have collected all the mangoes, rinse them with water and let them dry.
6. Store the mangoes in a cool, dry place until you are ready to eat them. You can also store them in the refrigerator to extend their shelf life.
7. Cut the mangoes into slices or cubes and enjoy!
Harvesting mangoes is a rewarding experience that yields delicious results. Remember to be patient, gentle, and careful when harvesting to ensure you get the best quality fruit possible.
My Favorite Tools For Harvest TimeWhen it comes to harvesting mangoes in certain regions, it’s important to have the right tools and equipment for the job. First and foremost, a sturdy and reliable ladder is a must-have. Mango trees can grow quite tall, so having a ladder that can safely reach the highest branches is essential.
Additionally, a sharp pair of shears or pruning clippers is needed to cut the mangoes from the tree without damaging the fruit or the tree itself. It’s also a good idea to have a container, such as a basket or bucket, to hold the harvested mangoes as you collect them.
If you’re harvesting a large quantity of mangoes, a fruit picker tool can be a helpful addition to your equipment. This tool has long arms with a basket at the end, which makes it easier to pick fruit from high up in the tree without having to climb up and down the ladder repeatedly.
Lastly, wearing appropriate clothing and protective gear, such as gloves and a hat, can help keep you comfortable and safe while harvesting mangoes. Protecting your skin from the sun and wearing footwear with good traction can also prevent accidents.
Overall, having a sturdy ladder, sharp pruning clippers, a container, a fruit picker tool, and protective gear are the best tools and equipment to have on hand when harvesting mangoes in certain regions. With these tools, you can safely and efficiently collect delicious, ripe mangoes for your enjoyment!
End of Season & Overwintering
Mangoes are a tropical fruit that thrive in regions with warm temperatures and high humidity. If you are lucky enough to live in a region where mangoes grow, then you know how deliciously sweet and juicy they can be. However, as the end of the season approaches or the weather starts to cool down, it’s important to know how to properly care for your mango trees in order to ensure their health and longevity.
One of the most important things to keep in mind as the mango season comes to a close is to continue to water your trees regularly. Mango trees require a lot of water, especially during the hot and dry months. Even as the weather cools down, make sure to keep the soil around your mango trees moist, but not waterlogged. Overwatering can lead to root rot, which can be damaging to your trees.
In addition to watering, it’s important to fertilize your mango trees during the end of the season. A good fertilizer will provide your trees with the proper nutrients they need to remain healthy and strong. Look for a fertilizer that is high in potassium, which will help your mango trees develop strong, healthy fruit for the next season.
As the weather begins to cool down, you may want to consider covering your mango trees with a protective cover to help them survive the winter. In some regions, mangoes are able to withstand the colder temperatures, but in others, they may need a little extra protection. A simple cover made of burlap or an old sheet can help protect your trees from frost and cold winds.
Finally, keep an eye out for pests and diseases that may affect your mango trees. As the season comes to a close, pests like aphids and mites may be more prevalent, and diseases like anthracnose can start to appear. Make sure to regularly inspect your trees and treat any problems immediately.
With a little bit of care and attention, you can ensure that your mango trees stay happy and healthy throughout the end of the season and into the winter months ahead. Whether you are a seasoned mango grower or just getting started, these tips will help you get the most out of your mango trees and enjoy sweet, juicy fruit year after year.
Final Thoughts on Mangoes (in certain regions)
In conclusion, growing your own mango tree can be a rewarding experience, whether you live in a tropical region or not. With the right care and attention, you can enjoy the sweet, succulent fruit that is revered around the world. Whether you choose to start with a seed, a sapling, or a grafted tree, be sure to provide your mango tree with adequate water, sunlight, and nutrients, and protect it from pests and diseases. As your tree grows and matures, be patient and take pleasure in watching the fruit develop, eventually reaching the point of ripeness where it can be harvested and enjoyed. Remember to always harvest your mangoes at the right time, and to properly store and prepare them for consumption. By following these tips and guidelines, you can successfully grow and harvest your own mangoes, adding a touch of tropical sweetness to your life.
Frequently Asked Questions About Growing Mangoes (in certain regions)
1. When is the best time to plant mango trees?
Answer: The best time to plant mango trees is during the warmer months of the year, preferably in the spring or early summer, when the soil temperatures are consistently above 60°F. In certain regions, planting can even be done throughout the year as long as the soil is warm enough for successful root establishment.
2. How often should mango trees be watered?
Answer: Mango trees require regular watering during the first few years of growth until they become established. Once fully grown, they can tolerate periods of drought, but still require consistent watering during flowering and fruit bearing stages. In general, provide enough water to keep the soil around the tree moist but not waterlogged. During hot and dry spells, additional watering may be necessary.
3. How do I know when mango fruits are ready to harvest?
Answer: Mango fruits are ready to be harvested when they have reached their full size and have developed their characteristic color. Depending on the variety, the color can range from green to yellow, red, or a combination of these colors. The fruit should be slightly soft to the touch but not mushy or overripe. In addition, a strong, sweet aroma emanating from the fruit can be an indicator of ripeness. It is important to harvest mango fruits before they are attacked by pests or diseases or before they fall off the tree.
You will want to read these:
- Gardening Gear And Supplies
- Berrylicious Bliss: A Complete Guide to Growing Boysenberries
- The Apeeling Guide to Growing Bananas in Your Backyard
- The Guava Guide: Growing Juicy Fruit in Select Regions
- The A to K of Growing Kumquats: A Zesty Guide
- Punching Up Your Produce: A Comprehensive Guide to Growing Persimmons
- Fig-uring Out How to Grow Fig Trees: A Complete Guide
Keep reading more gardening greats:
- Gardening Gear And Supplies
- Mastery of the Magnificent Mulberry: A Comprehensive Guide to Growing Them!
- The Juicy Guide to Growing Nectarines
- Huck Yeah! The Ultimate Guide to Growing Huckleberries
- Crack the Case of Growing Longan: A Complete Guide
- From Bog to Table: The Complete Guide to Growing Cranberries
- Fig-uring Out How to Grow Fig Trees: A Complete Guide
Keep reading more gardening greats:
- Gardening Gear And Supplies
- Sour Secrets: The Complete Guide to Growing Luscious Lemons
- Peach Perfect: The Ultimate Guide to Growing Juicy Fruit
- The A to K of Growing Kumquats: A Zesty Guide
- Berrylicious Tips: A Comprehensive Guide to Growing Blueberries
- Cherry on Top: A Comprehensive Guide to Growing Juicy Fruit
- Mastery of the Magnificent Mulberry: A Comprehensive Guide to Growing Them!