Cultivating Cedar: Your Ultimate Guide to Growing Juniperus virginiana

Table of Contents

Welcome to the ultimate guide to growing the stunning and resilient Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana). Whether you’re a seasoned green thumb or a newbie to gardening, this guide has everything you need to successfully grow this esteemed species and enhance your outdoor space with its captivating beauty and aromatic fragrance. So, let’s get started on your journey to cultivating robust Red Cedars!

Benefits of Growing Your Own Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Benefits of growing Red Cedar at home:

  • Produces fresh, clean air by absorbing pollutants and emitting oxygen
  • Attracts wildlife, including birds and insects
  • Creates privacy and noise barriers when planted as a hedge or tree line
  • Can be used to make furniture, decorations, and oil for aromatherapy
  • Tolerant of a variety of soil types and weather conditions
  • No maintenance required once established

General Information About Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Plant Family: Juniper family (Cupressaceae)
Plant Latin Name: Juniperus virginiana

Plant Variations Available

Red cedar, also known as Juniperus virginiana, is a common tree species found throughout North America. This tree species is quite variable in its appearance, with some individuals growing tall and straight while others have more twisted and gnarled trunks.

The bark of red cedar is smooth and red-brown in color, and it is often used for making cedar chests due to its aromatic properties. The leaves are thin and scale-like, resembling those of most other juniper species. The tree produces small, bluish-gray fruits that are a favorite food source for many bird species.

One interesting variation of red cedar is the “savannah” type, which tends to grow in open areas and has a more shrub-like appearance than other forms of the tree. Another variation is the “pencil” cedar, which is quite narrow and columnar in shape, making it a popular choice for hedges and screens.

Red cedar is a hardy and adaptable species, able to grow in a variety of soils and climates. It is frequently used in landscaping and as a windbreak or privacy screen, and it is also an important source of wood for making fence posts, shingles, and other building materials. In addition, the tree has a long history of medicinal use among Native American tribes, who have used it to treat a variety of ailments including respiratory infections and rheumatism.

Germinating Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Preferred Zones

Are you considering growing a beautiful Red Cedar tree (Juniperus virginiana) in your outdoor space? Well, you’ve made an excellent choice! But, before we dig in, let’s make sure we are on the same page regarding the Red Cedar tree’s characteristics.

The Red Cedar tree is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 70 feet tall and spread up to 40 feet wide. It thrives in full sun or partial shade and can withstand a range of temperatures, making it suitable for many locations in the United States.

Now, let’s talk about the best zones for outdoor growing of the Red Cedar tree. The Red Cedar tree is widely adaptable to many growing zones, including zones 2 through 9. However, it is most commonly found in zones 3 through 7, which cover areas such as the Midwest, Northeast, and parts of the Southeast.

If you live in one of these zones, you can grow a Red Cedar tree with relative ease. They prefer well-drained soil and do well in areas with consistent moisture, but they can tolerate periods of drought once established.

When growing a Red Cedar tree, you need to give it space to grow. They are a slow-growing tree but can reach impressive heights if given enough time. You will want to plant it in a location with plenty of room for it to spread out and grow.

In conclusion, the Red Cedar tree is an evergreen that can grow in a wide range of climates and soil types, making it an ideal choice for many outdoor spaces. Make sure you choose a location that can give it ample space to grow, and you will enjoy this attractive tree for many years to come. Happy planting!

Sowing Instructions

Sowing Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) can be a tricky process, but with the right methods and technique, you can expect to grow a healthy and robust tree. Here are some helpful tips to get you started:

1. Gather your supplies: You will need Red Cedar seeds, a pot, a good quality potting mix, and a watering can.

2. Pre-treatment: Red Cedar seeds have a hard outer layer that needs to be broken down before the seed can germinate. Place the seeds in a plastic bag and store in the refrigerator for 30-60 days. This process is known as stratification and helps to simulate the winter dormancy period.

3. Soil preparation: Fill the pot with a good quality potting mix. Make sure the soil is moist but not too wet.

4. Sowing the seeds: Spread the seeds over the soil surface and cover lightly with a thin layer of potting mix. Press the soil down lightly to ensure good seed-soil contact.

5. Watering: Water gently to avoid washing the seeds away. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.

6. Placement: Place the pot in a warm, sunny spot, but avoid direct sunlight. Red Cedar prefers partial shade.

7. Germination: Red Cedar seeds can take between 2-4 weeks to germinate. Be patient and keep the soil moist during this period.

8. Transplanting: Once the seedlings have grown to about 3 inches tall, they can be transplanted into their final position. Choose a spot with well-draining soil and good sunlight.

In conclusion, sowing Red Cedar seeds requires some patience and care, but the end result is well worth the effort. Follow these simple steps, and you will be rewarded with a beautiful and sturdy tree that will thrive for years to come.

Preparation Advice

Growing Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is an exciting and rewarding process, but it requires proper preparation and the right equipment. Here are some tips to help you get started on your journey to growing Red Cedar.

Firstly, it’s important to research the ideal growing conditions for Red Cedar. These trees thrive in full sun and well-drained soil. They can tolerate various soil types, but prefer slightly acidic soil. Before planting, it’s recommended that you test the pH level of your soil to ensure it’s within the acceptable range.

Next, it’s time to choose the right equipment. The essential items for growing Red Cedar include a pair of pruning shears or a hand saw for trimming and shaping, a watering can or hose to keep your tree hydrated, and organic fertilizer to supplement the soil’s nutrients.

To start growing Red Cedar, you can either plant a seedling or propagate your tree through cuttings. Seedlings are available from nurseries or online retailers, while cuttings can be taken from an existing Red Cedar tree. To propagate through cuttings, select a healthy growing branch with a diameter of at least half an inch, and cut it at a 45-degree angle. Remove the lower leaves, leaving only a few at the top, and dip the cutting in rooting hormone before placing it in a container with well-draining soil.

Once your Red Cedar is planted or propagated, ensure it receives adequate water and sunlight. Consider mulching around the tree to retain moisture in the soil and discourage weed growth. Fertilize your tree with organic fertilizer once a year to provide it with essential nutrients for growth.

In conclusion, growing Red Cedar requires proper preparation, the right equipment, and ongoing care. By following these tips, you can successfully grow a healthy and beautiful Red Cedar tree in your yard.

Germination Tools and Equipment

If you’re looking to germinate Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana), there are a few essential tools and equipment you’ll need to ensure healthy seedlings. Let’s take a look at some of the top recommendations:

1. Seed Trays – To get started, you’ll need a seed tray to hold your Red Cedar seeds. You can find seed trays at most gardening stores, or online. Opt for a tray with drainage holes to prevent water from pooling and causing mould or fungus to grow.

2. Seed Starting Mix – A good quality seed starting mix is essential for germinating healthy Red Cedar seedlings. Look for a mix that’s made from a blend of peat, vermiculite, and perlite, and avoid using regular potting soil.

3. Fertilizer – While Red Cedar seeds don’t require fertilizer to germinate, once they begin to grow, they’ll need nutrients to thrive. Choose an organic, slow-release fertilizer that’s high in phosphorus, such as bone meal.

4. Grow Lights – Red Cedar seeds need a lot of light to grow, and if you’re starting them indoors, you’ll likely need to provide additional lighting. A set of grow lights will provide the right spectrum of light to help your seedlings grow strong and healthy.

5. Humidity Dome – A humidity dome is an optional accessory, but it can be useful for keeping your Red Cedar seeds moist and encouraging germination. Simply place the dome over your seed tray to create a mini-greenhouse effect.

6. Plant Markers – To keep track of your Red Cedar seedlings, invest in a set of plant markers. These can be as simple as popsicle sticks, or you can purchase more elaborate markers with written labels.

By using these tools and equipment, you’ll be well on your way to growing healthy, robust Red Cedar seedlings. With a little care and attention, your seedlings will soon be ready to transplant outdoors and provide beauty and natural benefits to your garden or landscape.

Growing Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Light Requirements

When it comes to growing healthy Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana), lighting requirements are a crucial factor to consider. Here are some of the key things you should know:

Firstly, Red Cedar is a sun-loving tree that thrives in bright, direct sunlight. As a result, it is important to provide your Red Cedar with as much sunlight as possible, especially during the growing season.

Ideally, your Red Cedar should receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. This can be achieved by planting it in a location that receives maximum sunlight exposure or by using grow lights if you are growing it indoors.

In addition to direct sunlight, Red Cedar also benefits from some shade during the hottest parts of the day. Providing some shade can prevent the tree from becoming heat-stressed, which can lead to a range of health problems including stunted growth, wilting, and leaf drop.

If you are growing Red Cedar indoors, a south-facing window is typically the best option for providing the tree with adequate sunlight. Alternatively, you can use full-spectrum grow lights that mimic natural sunlight to provide your tree with the light it needs to thrive.

Lastly, it’s important to remember that lighting requirements can vary depending on the climate and growing conditions in your location. Always monitor your Red Cedar’s growth and adjust lighting as necessary to ensure it receives the best possible care.

Temperature Requirements

When it comes to growing Red Cedar, it is important to pay close attention to the temperature requirements of this hardy plant. Known for its fragrant, needle-like leaves and beautiful, red-hued wood, Red Cedar is a common choice for gardeners and landscapers alike.

In terms of temperature, Red Cedar can withstand a range of conditions, but generally thrives in a cool to moderate climate. While it can handle hot summers and cold winters, extreme temperatures can stress this tree and affect its growth and health.

Ideally, Red Cedar should be grown in an environment with temperatures ranging between 40 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit (4 to 24 degrees Celsius). At these temperatures, the tree can grow at a steady pace and develop healthy foliage and wood.

If grown in areas with temperatures outside of the ideal range, Red Cedar may struggle to establish itself and may even die. This is especially true in areas with high temperatures and low humidity, which can cause the tree to become dehydrated and lose its natural resilience.

In short, if you want to grow healthy Red Cedar, it’s important to provide it with a cool to moderate growing environment that is not subject to extreme temperature fluctuations. With the right care and attention, this beautiful tree can thrive and add a touch of natural beauty to any landscape or garden.

My Favorite Tools For Growing Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Taking care of Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) can seem like a daunting task, but don’t fret. With the right tools and equipment, your Red Cedar can thrive and stay healthy for years to come.

First and foremost, you’ll need a good set of pruning shears. Ideally, you want a pair that is sharp, sturdy, and comfortable to hold. With the right pruning shears, you’ll be able to shape and trim your Red Cedar as needed, promoting healthy growth and preventing overgrowth.

In addition to pruning shears, you’ll also need a reliable watering system. Red Cedar prefers well-draining soil, so make sure you have a system in place that can deliver consistent moisture without causing waterlogging. Depending on the size and location of your Red Cedar, you may want to consider a drip system or soaker hose.

To keep your Red Cedar healthy and free of pests, you’ll need to invest in some organic pest control products. There are a variety of safe, natural options available, from insecticidal soap to neem oil. Be sure to research the best products for your specific needs and follow the instructions carefully.

Lastly, don’t forget about the importance of proper fertilization. Red Cedar benefits from a slow-release fertilizer that is high in nitrogen. You may also want to consider applying a layer of organic mulch around the base of your tree to help retain moisture and provide additional nutrients.

With these tools and equipment at your disposal, you’ll be able to ensure that your Red Cedar stays healthy, vibrant, and beautiful for years to come. So go ahead and give your tree the care it deserves!

Preferred Soil Type

If you’re looking to grow a healthy Red Cedar, then you should pay careful attention to its soil requirements. This evergreen tree prefers well-draining soils with a slightly acidic pH level, ideally around 6.0 to 6.5. In terms of texture, Red Cedar likes moderately fertile soil that is loose and friable, with a good mixture of sand, silt, and clay.

To give your Red Cedar the best possible start, make sure to prepare the soil by adding plenty of organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure. This will help improve the soil texture, as well as provide nutrients that will help the tree thrive.

It’s important to note that Red Cedar is somewhat tolerant of dry conditions, so you don’t have to worry too much about keeping the soil moist. However, make sure not to let the soil become too dry, as this can lead to root damage and reduce the tree’s overall health.

In terms of soil pH, you can test your soil using a soil pH tester, which can be purchased at most garden centers or online. If your soil is too alkaline, you can lower the pH by adding sulfur or if it is too acidic, you can raise the pH by adding lime.

In summary, the key to growing healthy Red Cedar lies in providing it with well-draining, loose, moderately fertile soil, rich in organic matter, with a slightly acidic pH level of 6.0 to 6.5. With proper soil preparation and a little attention, your Red Cedar should thrive and provide you with years of enjoyment.

Watering Requirements

Red Cedar trees (Juniperus virginiana) require moderate watering to maintain healthy growth. Although these trees are drought-resistant, they still need water to thrive, especially in their early stages of growth.

When planted in the ground, water young Red Cedar trees every week during the first year. As they mature, the trees can handle less frequent watering, but still need to be watered deeply every two to three weeks during periods of drought.

When growing Red Cedar in containers, make sure they are placed in well-draining soil and water them when the top inch of soil feels dry. Avoid overwatering, as this can cause root rot and other fungal diseases.

It is essential to avoid watering Red Cedar trees during rainy periods, as overwatering can lead to waterlogged soil and root suffocation. Similarly, avoid watering them in the evening to prevent fungal growth.

During hot, dry weather, Red Cedar trees benefit from regular misting to keep their foliage moist and cool. However, avoid overhead watering as this can lead to crown rot or other water-borne diseases.

In short, Red Cedar trees are hardy and can tolerate periods of drought, but still require moderate watering to maintain healthy growth. When in doubt, it is always better to underwater than to overwater!

What You Need To Know About Fertilizing Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Red Cedar, also known as Juniperus virginiana, is a hardy evergreen tree that is commonly grown for its ornamental value and ability to provide shelter to a variety of wildlife. To ensure that your Red Cedar tree grows healthy and strong, it is important to provide it with the right fertilizing requirements.

First and foremost, when it comes to fertilizing Red Cedar, it is important to understand that this tree is a light feeder. As such, it doesn’t require heavy doses of fertilizers like other trees or plants might. Instead, the key is to use the right type of fertilizer in the right amount.

The best fertilizer to use for Red Cedar is one that is specifically formulated for evergreens. Look for a fertilizer that contains a balanced ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (N-P-K). A ratio of 10-10-10 is ideal for Red Cedar trees.

It is recommended to fertilize newly planted Red Cedar trees in the spring, just as they begin to sprout new growth. This will help provide the young tree with the nutrients it needs to establish strong roots and get off to a healthy start.

For established trees, a yearly application of fertilizer in the spring is usually sufficient. Use a broadcast spreader to distribute the fertilizer evenly around the tree’s drip line (the area beneath the outermost branches). Be sure to follow the recommended application rate based on the tree’s size and age.

In addition to using the right fertilizer, it is important to ensure that your Red Cedar tree is getting enough water. Watering deeply once a week during dry spells will help keep the tree healthy and minimize the need for excessive fertilization.

In conclusion, fertilizing Red Cedar is an important part of keeping the tree healthy and strong. Use a balanced fertilizer specifically formulated for evergreens, apply it in the spring, and be sure to water deeply to keep the tree hydrated. By following these simple steps, you can ensure that your Red Cedar tree thrives for years to come.

My Favorite Fertilizers For Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

If you have a red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) in your garden, you might be looking for ways to give it the best care possible. One important aspect to consider is fertilization, as this can greatly impact the health and vitality of your tree.

When it comes to fertilizing red cedars, there are several options to consider. The first step is to determine whether you want to use organic or synthetic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are made from natural materials, such as compost, bone meal, and fish emulsion, while synthetic fertilizers are made from chemical compounds.

If you prefer organic options, you might consider using a slow-release fertilizer, which slowly releases nutrients over time. This can be especially beneficial for red cedars, as they prefer a more balanced and consistent supply of nutrients. You can also use a liquid fertilizer, which can be quickly absorbed by the tree’s roots and provide more immediate benefits.

For synthetic options, you might consider using a general-purpose fertilizer that is high in nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. This can help promote healthy growth and development, and is often used by commercial growers. However, it is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully, as over-fertilization can be harmful to your red cedar.

Regardless of which type of fertilizer you choose, it is important to apply it correctly. You should always measure the recommended amount of fertilizer and distribute it evenly around the base of the tree. It is also important to water the tree thoroughly after fertilizing to help the nutrients penetrate the soil and reach the roots.

In addition to fertilization, it is important to provide your red cedar with other types of care, such as pruning and proper watering. With the right care, your red cedar can thrive and provide beauty and shade for many years to come.

Harvesting Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Time To Maturity

Red Cedar, also known as Juniperus virginiana, is a slow-growing coniferous tree that can take a considerable amount of time to reach maturity. In general, these trees can take anywhere from 10 to 25 years to reach their full height and width. However, this can vary depending on a number of factors, such as growing conditions, climate, and genetics.

In terms of growth rate, Red Cedars typically grow about one foot per year when young, and slower as they mature. This means that if you plant a Red Cedar sapling, it could take anywhere from ten to twenty-five years for it to reach its full height of 40-50 feet tall, and its full width of 10-20 feet.

It is important to note that Red Cedars also have a potentially long lifespan, with some trees living for over 300 years. This means that while the tree may take a while to reach maturity, it can provide a lasting impact to the environment and ecosystem for centuries to come.

In summary, the time it takes for a Red Cedar to go from sprouting to maturity can range from 10 to 25 years, with factors such as growing conditions and genetics playing a role in the tree’s growth rate. Despite their slow growth, Red Cedars can have a long lifespan and provide valuable benefits to the ecosystem.

Harvest Instructions

Harvesting Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is a meticulous process that requires proper knowledge and handling. This beautiful, aromatic wood is commonly used for various purposes such as furniture, fences, decking, and even essential oil extraction.

Here’s how you can harvest Red Cedar, step by step:

1. Identify the right location: Before setting out to harvest Red Cedar, you need to find the right location. This species thrives in regions with well-drained, sandy soil, and plenty of sunlight. You can identify Red Cedar with its unique conical shape, scaly leaves, and distinctive reddish-brown bark.

2. Select the right tree: Once in the right location, select the right tree to harvest. Make sure it’s mature enough and has a trunk diameter of at least eight inches. Avoid choosing trees with damaged barks or infested with insects as they may not produce quality wood.

3. Get the right tools: You’ll need the right tools for harvesting Red Cedar effectively. A chainsaw will be ideal for felling the tree, while a pruning saw or an ax will aid in cutting the branches. A ladder is also necessary as most Red Cedar trees grow over 20 feet tall.

4. Begin felling the tree: Begin by cutting a horizontal groove around the trunk with a chainsaw, about one-third of its diameter from the ground level. This helps the tree to fall in the right direction. You may also enlist the help of a second person to assist in pushing the tree over as it falls.

5. Cut off the branches: Once the tree is on the ground, cut off the branches using a pruning saw or an ax. Make sure to cut them into appropriate sections and pile them up away from the trunk.

6. Cut the trunk: Use a chainsaw to cut the trunk into appropriate sections based on the intended use of the wood. Red Cedar has a distinctive coloration that varies from white to pinkish-red, and the wood is both lightweight and durable.

7. Transport the wood: Finally, transport the wood to your desired location for storage, drying, and further processing. We recommend seasoning red cedar wood to prevent warping, splitting, or cracking.

Remember that harvesting Red Cedar should be done in compliance with appropriate rules and regulations, and always prioritize safety. With proper handling and care, Red Cedar can provide you with an excellent source of quality wood for various uses.

My Favorite Tools For Harvest Time

Harvesting red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) requires the right tools and equipment to ensure that you get the most out of your harvest. Here are some of the best tools to use:

1. Hand Saw – A hand saw is essential for cutting branches and trunks off of your red cedar. Choose one with fine teeth and a long blade, which will make quick work of even the thickest branches.

2. Axe – An axe is ideal for hewing larger logs or trunks into smaller pieces. It provides a smooth cut with minimal sawdust or debris.

3. Pole Pruner – For high branches or those that are out of reach, a pole pruner is the perfect tool. Choose one with a telescoping handle to reach even the highest branches without needing a ladder.

4. Garden Shears – Garden shears are great for thinning out foliage and trimming smaller branches. They provide a clean, precise cut and are ideal for shaping shrubs and bushes.

5. Safety Gear – Always wear gloves and goggles when working with red cedar. It has sharp needles and can cause eye irritation, so it’s best to protect yourself.

Additionally, if you plan to harvest a large amount of red cedar, consider investing in a chainsaw or a log splitter. These tools make quick work of large logs and can save you time and effort.

Remember to always be respectful of the trees and the environment when harvesting red cedar. Only take what you need, and avoid damaging the surrounding ecosystem. With the right tools and a little care, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of red cedar for years to come.

End of Season & Overwintering

Red Cedar, also known as Juniperus virginiana, is a popular choice for gardeners and landscapers due to its aromatic fragrance and durability. If you’re wondering how to care for your Red Cedar plant at the end of the season, or if you’re looking for tips on how to overwinter it, read on to learn more.

To start, it’s important to note that Red Cedar is a hardy tree that can withstand colder temperatures and harsh winter conditions. However, it’s not invincible, so taking some proactive steps can help ensure its continued health and vitality.

One of the most important things you can do is to water your Red Cedar plant thoroughly before the first frost. This will help it retain moisture and prevent damage from freezing temperatures. Additionally, you may want to consider applying a layer of mulch around the base of the tree to insulate the roots and provide additional protection.

Another key aspect of caring for your Red Cedar plant during the winter months is pruning. While you don’t want to undertake any major pruning at this time, you should remove any dead or damaged branches to prevent disease and promote healthy growth in the spring.

If you live in an area with particularly harsh winters, you may also want to cover your Red Cedar plant with a burlap sack or other protective material. This can help trap heat and prevent excessive moisture buildup, both of which can be damaging to the tree.

Finally, it’s important to monitor your Red Cedar plant throughout the winter months for signs of stress or damage. If you notice any yellowing, browning, or wilting of the foliage, or if the trunk or branches appear cracked or split, it may be time to take action to save your tree.

By following these simple steps, you can help ensure that your Red Cedar plant stays healthy and strong through the winter months, and provides beauty and enjoyment for years to come.

Final Thoughts on Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

After following the steps outlined in this complete guide to germinating, growing, and harvesting Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana), you should now have a beautiful and fragrant tree that can provide you with a variety of benefits. Not only do Red Cedars offer stunningly bright foliage that helps to brighten up any outdoor space, but they are also known for their medicinal, aromatic, and decorative qualities.

If you’re planning to use your Red Cedar for medicinal purposes, be aware that they contain potent essential oils that can help to alleviate ailments such as coughs, fevers, and even arthritis. Additionally, the branches and foliage of this tree can be harvested and used as natural fragrances or as decorative elements in your home.

Growing Red Cedars can be a fulfilling experience, but it’s important to remember that proper care and attention is necessary if you want your tree to thrive. Follow the advice outlined in this guide, and you will be well on your way to a gorgeous, healthy tree that will serve you well for years to come.

We hope that this guide has been helpful and informative, and we encourage you to share your experiences with us. Whether you’re using your Red Cedar for its medicinal properties, as a decorative element in your home, or simply enjoying its natural beauty, we know that you will find this tree to be a valuable addition to your life. Happy growing and harvesting!

Frequently Asked Questions About Growing Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Q: How long does it take for Red Cedar seedlings to grow?
A: Red Cedar seedlings can take around 2-3 years to establish and reach a height of 2-4 feet. However, it can take up to 20 years for them to reach their full mature height of 40-50 feet.

Q: How do I care for my Red Cedar tree?
A: Red Cedar trees are hardy and require minimal care. They prefer well-drained soil, full sun exposure, and moderate watering. Pruning is not necessary but can be done to shape the tree or remove dead branches.

Q: Can I propagate Red Cedar trees from cuttings?
A: Yes, Red Cedar trees can be propagated through hardwood cuttings taken in the fall or winter. These cuttings should be around 6-8 inches long, dipped in rooting hormone, and planted in well-draining soil. It may take several months for them to root and establish.

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